Lebanon’s Iran-backed Hezbollah group and its allies lost their parliamentary majority, according to full legislative results announced by the interior ministry on Tuesday.
The group and its political allies had the support of around 70 out of 128 lawmakers in the outgoing assembly but fell short of the 65 needed to retain a majority following Sunday’s polls.
Independent candidates won at least 13 seats in Lebanon’s new parliament, making unprecedented gains, according to results announced by the ministry.
The reformists, who campaigned on the legacy of a 2019 anti-establishment protest movement, could yet obtain the support of several other independent and non-aligned lawmakers in the 128-member assembly.
Twelve of the thirteen reformist candidates are newcomers. They campaigned against Lebanon’s ruling elite, composed of sectarian parties that have ruled the country since the end of the civil war in 1990.
Many Lebanese blame the entrenched political elite for the country’s economic collapse since 2019 and for failing to take measures to stop it.
Reformists and traditional parties opposed to the powerful Iran-backed Hezbollah have made gains in Sunday’s polls, at the expense of the Shia group’s Christian allies.
Hezbollah and its main Shia ally Amal Movement have retained all 27 seats reserved for their sect, but for the first time in decades, two reformists snatched seats from Hezbollah allies in the group’s south Lebanon stronghold.
At least five out of 19 elected MPs for the capital Beirut are independents, with all but one winning a seat for the first time.
Some reformists accused traditional political parties of trying to force the invalidation of some diaspora votes, on which they had pinned their hopes for election.
The Lebanese Association for Democratic Elections said their independent observers had to pull out from some polling stations after they were threatened by supporters of traditional parties, including Hezbollah.
They complained of “flagrant violations” and irregularities in a statement on Monday.
The interior minister denied the allegations.